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Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

Serious Representation for Serious Injury Cases

At Breit Cantor Grana Buckner, we are passionate about helping innocent clients obtain justice. Clients can count on us for relentless devotion and proven results. We handle cases involving severe injuries including paraplegia and quadriplegia, as well as other spinal cord injuries. These injuries leave lifelong and often devastating results. You deserve a legal advocate in your corner who is tough, knowledgeable, and proven.

If you or a loved one has been severely injured in any type of accident, we encourage you to call our Virginia spinal cord injury attorneys immediately for support and advice. Our team can help you make the right decision and answer your questions knowledgeably.

Call (888) 635-9500 or submit an online contact form to request your free and confidential consultation. We have offices located in both Richmond and Virginia Beach.

Paraplegia: Causes & Effects

Paraplegia is almost always the result of spinal cord damage, including damage to the:

  • Spinal column discs
  • Ligaments
  • Vertebrae

This form of paralysis describes total or partial paralysis of the lower extremities—including the legs but possibly the trunk as well. Paraplegia affects a victim’s quality of life in many ways, but therapy and rehabilitation can make a positive difference. You could be entitled to compensation that will help you get the medical care you need.

Common Causes of Quadriplegia

In contrast to paraplegia, which typically only affects the lower half of the body, quadriplegia often results in partial or complete paralysis to both legs, arms, and the trunk. In essence, a person with quadriplegia is paralyzed from the neck down.

There are many different types of accidents that can result in spinal cord injuries and/or quadriplegia:

  • Recreational accidents including swimming/diving accidents, football injuries, skiing/snowboarding accidents, and more
  • Motor vehicle collisions including truck accidents, car accidents, pedestrian accidents, bicyclist accidents, and motorcycle accidents
  • Slip and fall/trip and fall accidents
  • Assaults and acts of violence including gunshot wounds

Complete vs. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries

Complete spinal cord injuries include paraplegia and quadriplegia. Incomplete spinal cord injuries are less severe. In the event of any spinal cord injury, swelling around the area of the injury might affect areas that weren’t directly injured. Recovery of function in these areas can return at any time between three days to eighteen months. While these injuries are not as severe as complete spinal injuries, they are still life-altering and can be emotionally devastating for the victim and the family members involved.

Some of the more common incomplete spinal cord injuries are:

  • Anterior cord syndrome – Damage that occurs to the anterior section of the spinal cord can result in loss of movement and sensory perception, although there have been cases where sensations that travel along pathways that are still intact can still be felt. Only 10 to 15% of anterior cord syndrome victims demonstrate any functional improvement over time.
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome – An injury to the right or left side of the spinal cord causes a loss of movement and sensation on the side of the injury. On the side opposite the injury, temperature and pain sensation are lost due to the crossing of these pathways in the spinal cord. Although spinal trauma or tumors are the most prevalent causes of Brown-Sequard Syndrome, other possible causes include meningitis, tuberculosis, and multiple sclerosis.
  • Central cord syndrome – Damage to the cervical area of the spinal cord can adversely affect the function of the corticospinal tract. Victims experience weakness or paralysis in the arms and legs, combined with some loss of sensory perception. Some recovery is possible in central cord syndrome, depending on the age of the victim. Patients under the age of 50 have a 97% rate of becoming ambulatory, but past the age of 50, the recovery rate drops dramatically down to 17%.
  • Individual nerve cell injuries – Spinal trauma can result in a damaged nerve cell or nerve cluster. This causes impaired movement or a loss of sensation in its corresponding muscle group. For instance, damage to a nerve cell in L Category vertebrae can cause paralysis or weakness in one or both legs. Symptoms can vary from patient to patient. Individual nerve cell injury is the most common cause of monoplegia, which is when only one limb is affected, or hemiplegia, which affects one side of the body and not the other.
  • Spinal contusions – When the spinal cord is bruised but not fractured or severed, the effects can still be debilitating. Bruises to the spine can temporarily or permanently affect movement and sensation due to bleeding and inflammation of the damaged area. Tissue swelling in the event of spinal trauma can inhibit normal nerve pathway function. Temporary immobility of the spinal cord in the case of spinal contusions normally lasts for one or two days, but contusions can cause long-term or permanent impairment.

Call Us at (888) 635-9500 to Schedule Your Free Consultation

Request a free case evaluation with the team at Breit Cantor today. We’re here to answer your questions about legal action after a major accident. With hundreds of clients represented and hundreds of millions of dollars recovered, you can rely on our team for strategic representation and maximized results. Knowing how to advocate for your rights is what we do best.

Reach out to us today for a free consultation with one of our Virginia spinal cord injury lawyers at our Richmond or Virginia Beach office.

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Types of Spinal Injuries

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