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Types of Brain Injuries

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Not all head injuries are debilitating, but all head injuries are serious. Even a seemingly minor head injury can result in brain damage. It is important that you always seek prompt medical treatment if you suffer any type of head or brain injury.

The major types of brain injuries include:

  • Concussion: Caused by a head impact that occurs as a result of sudden acceleration and/or deceleration, concussions typically lead to temporary loss of function. Symptoms of a concussion include dizziness, sleepiness, blurred vision, headache, and nausea. Repeated concussions over time can lead to permanent brain damage.
  • Hematoma: When a hematoma, or blood clot, occurs in the brain, it can result in a buildup of pressure. This can, in turn, lead to permanent brain damage. Symptoms typically include loss of consciousness.
  • Edema: Edema refers to swelling that occurs at or near the site of a head or brain injury. Because the skull cannot expand to accommodate swelling, edema can lead to pressure buildup in the brain, which may result in serious brain damage.
  • Hemorrhage: A hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding. When this occurs in the brain, whether as a result of external or internal head trauma, it can lead to irreversible brain damage. Symptoms often include nausea, vomiting, and severe headaches.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury: Diffuse axonal injuries (DAIs) are relatively common and extremely serious. DAIs often occur as a result of sudden acceleration/deceleration, which can cause abnormal tissue damage in the brain. DAIs often result in coma.
  • Skull Fracture: A skull fracture occurs when external objects penetrate the skull or severe impact causes the skull to break or crack. Because the skull is not able to absorb this impact, skull fractures often result in severe brain injury.

There are many other types of brain injuries, ranging in degrees of severity. In almost every instance, head and brain injuries require immediate medical attention, as well as extensive, ongoing treatment. In many cases, victims of traumatic brain injuries will require lifelong care.

Anoxic & Hypoxic Brain Injuries

Oftentimes, brain injuries result from a lack of oxygen. If the brain is without oxygen for more than four minutes, brain cells begin to die. Anoxia occurs when the brain is totally deprived of oxygen, whereas hypoxia occurs when the brain experiences an inadequate amount of oxygen.

Take a look at symptoms of anoxic & hypoxic brain injuries:

  • Lack of coordination
  • Lack of communicative skills
  • Headaches
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Visual disturbances

If the brain has been deprived of oxygen for an extensive period of time, even more severe consequences can follow. Some victims of hypoxic or anoxic brain injury may be sent into a vegetative or minimally responsive state or even die because of the extent of their injury.

Causes of Hypoxic & Anoxic Brain Injuries

In pursuing compensation for brain injury cases, it is vital to determine what the cause of the injury was. This can be a difficult and complex process without the help of our experienced Virginia brain injury lawyers.

These types of injuries can be caused by the following:

  • Near-drowning experiences
  • Loss of blood
  • Carbon monoxide exposure
  • Medical malpractice
  • Childbirth

Fortunately, at Breit Cantor Grana Buckner, our team of brain injury attorneys frequently works with a network of professionals who help us investigate each and every case. Our case preparation philosophy is “leave no stone unturned.” We can build a case that is tailor-fit to your needs and circumstances and capable of securing your future.

Ischemic Brain Injuries

Ischemia refers to the condition in which the brain is injured by insufficient blood flow. The insufficient blood flow to the brain can lead to hypoxic or anoxic brain injuries, in which the brain doesn’t have enough oxygen to function correctly. Ischemia may affect a specific region of the brain or the whole brain.

Symptoms of ischemic brain injury may include the following:

  • Impaired vision
  • Impaired motor skills
  • Impaired speech
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of sight
  • Weakness and physical fatigue
  • Difficulty with coordination

Causes of ischemic brain injury can range from congenital heart defects to sickle cell anemia. In some cases, especially during childbirth, medical malpractice can result in ischemic brain injury. If you or a loved one are suffering from an ischemic brain injury, talk to a lawyer from Breit Cantor Grana Buckner. Our skilled team of Virginia brain injury lawyers can investigate your case.

Serving Virginia Since 1979. Hundreds Of Cases Handled.

Unlike many other personal injury cases, the effects of a brain injury are not as clearly evidenced. In order to clearly communicate your problems and needs, it is vital to retain the legal services of an experienced lawyer. Our Virginia brain injury attorneys at Breit Cantor Grana Buckner have handled hundreds of brain injury cases and know how to help you pursue maximum compensation. We are dedicated to securing your future.

Reach out to one of our offices, located in both Richmond and Virginia Beach, for a free and confidential consultation: (888) 635-9500.

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